Achilles tendonitis, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Achilles tendonitis:

Achilles Tendonitis is a condition caused by the overuse of that Achilles tendon, It is actually inflammation of Achilles tendon. It is a tendon which connects calf muscles (which are present at the back of your lower leg) to your heel.


Many researches are present but this review article will provide you with a brief review on Achilles tendon and help you learn about Symptoms, Causes, Diagnostic Tests, Prognosis, Treatment,Treatment Modalities.


Achilles tendinitis is a common musculoskeletal disorder these days caused by overuse of Achilles tendon and can be treated by taking bed rest and physiotherapeutic modalities either surgically or non-surgically.


What are the symptoms and causes of Tendonitis, what are diagnostic tests and treatment modalities and how much time does Tendonitis take to heal?

Symptoms of Achilles tendonitis:

Symptoms might include the following:

  • Stiffness & Pain in morning
  • Pain after exercise
  • Swelling
  • Severe pain after activities
  • Tendon thickness
  • Bone spur

Causes of Achilles tendonitis:

It may be caused due to following reasons:

Repetitive activities
Sudden increase in exercise intensity
Excessive bone growth
Tight calf muscles, Aggressive activities


Non-Surgical Treatment:

•Reduction in physical activity
•Icing that area
•Elevation of foot to avoid swelling
•Shifting to mild exercises
•Using strap
•Taking Anti-inflammatory pain killers

Treatment Modalities in Physiotherapy:

Following are the physiotherapeutic modalities proven best to treat tendonitis:

  • Ultrasound
  • Laser
  • Hyperthermia
  • Iontophoresis
  • Heat therapy
  • Deep massage
  • Stretching exercises
  • Strengthening exercises
  • Flexibility exercises


It may take even  6 weeks to months but it can take much more time to heal if Proper bed rest is not taken.

Tests for Achilles Tendonitis:

Following test should be done for diagnosis of Tendonitis:

  1. Simmond’s test also called as thompson test.
  2. X-ray
  3. MRI


It is caused due to overuse of Achilles tendon and the best way to treat Achilles Tendonitis is taking bed rest and avoid aggressive and high intensity exercises to heal quickly.

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