AIDS, symptoms, causes, prevention

What is AIDS

AIDS known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is a chronic and life threatening disease caused by HIV virus. Human immunodeficiency virus attack the immune system and interferes the normal body function. It is the last stage of HIV infection. It severely affects the immune system. But it never means, if a person is suffering from HIV infection he will definitely develop AIDS.

Aids, symptoms, causes, prevention

Symptoms of AIDS

Symptoms might vary depending upon the stage of infection. Symptomatic manifestations might be mild but the virus spread rate is high even at this time. As HIV affects immune system so infections might develop easily. But it is difficult to get a clue because symptoms are quiet similar to seasonal infections. Following are the symptoms of developing HIV infection, let’s have a look at the symptoms of all stages

  • Pneumonia
  • Sore throat
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Night sweats
  • On and off fever
  • Joint pain
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Causes of AIDS

HIV is caused by a virus. This virus might spread from one person to another during sexual contact, mother to child during pregnancy, child birth or breastfeeding. HIV spread through exchanging needles, having sexual contact, blood transfusion or delivery. If a person is not HIV infected, he can’t suffer from AIDS. No one can be affected with HIV without physical interaction.

Stages of AIDS

There are three stages of HIV, symptoms vary depending upon the stage of HIV, and there is no cure for HIV, but medications and antiretroviral therapies can help slowing down the advancement from one stage to another. Following are three stages of HIV infection

  • Acute HIV infection – CD4 count is at least 500
  • Chronic HIV infection – CD4 count is at least 200-499
  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome – CD4 count is at less than 200
How HIV becomes AIDS

Normal CD4 count in healthy person is 500-1600 per cubic millimeter. But in a person suffering from HIV infection. If this count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter then the patient is diagnosed with AIDS.

Risk factors

A person can’t get infected without interaction. Anyone from any generation, race, sex or age can become a victim of HIV.

  • Having unprotected sex
  • Have an STI
  • Using IV drugs

Diagnostic tests

AIDS or HIV can be diagnosed by different tests including

  • Antibody, antigen test
  • Ora Quick HIV test
  • Nucleic acid test
  • Home access HIV-1 test system

Prevention from AIDS

AIDS or HIV infection spread from person to person by physical contact. So, there are some measures which should be taken while contacting your partner, feeding your baby or while getting injected. These precautionary measures will help preventing the spread of HIV.

  • Using preventory treatment
  • Using new condoms
  • Use preexposure prophylaxis
  • Use clean and new needle
  • Get medical care during pregnancy

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