Bloom’s Taxanomy Domains & Examples In Physiotherapy

Bloom’s Taxanomy Domains with Examples:

Definition:

Bloom’s taxanomy is a classification system used to define and distinguish different levels of human cognition like learning, thinking and understanding.
Purpose of Bloom’s taxanomy:

The purpose of bloom’s taxanomy is to help educators to inform or guide development of AssessmentsCurriculumInstructional methods.

bloom's taxanomy
Bloom’s taxanomy

Domains of Bloom’s Taxanomy:

Following are major domains of bloom’s taxanomy:

  • Cognitive (mental skills)
  • Affective (feelings & emotions)
  • Psychomotor (manual & physical skills)

Cognitive Domain:

Cognitive domain include recall or recognition of specific facts, procedural patterns, and concepts that serves in development of intellectual skills.


Remembering:

1. memorizing the origin and insertion of a muscle
2. stating the physiology of an electric modality
3. memorizing predictor variables for a treatment based classification
4. recall of Medicare minimal documentation standards for outpatient PT


Understanding: 

It is ownership of knowledge remembered. 

Examples of understanding are:
1. Discussing the findings of a patient evaluation with the patient, PTA or physician.
2. Training a new clinician in your clinic’s Medicare compliance program.


Applying:
 

1. Problem-solving the results of the physical therapy examination with yourself or with peers.
2. Choosing a treatment based on the examination results.
3. Writing the examination findings in a note.

Analysis: 

It is the next step in learning. Analysis looks at the underlying structure of an argument and examines motives for why an argument is proposed. 

Examples of analysis include:
1. Why are predictor variables useful for a lumbar spine examination?
2. What types of outcome measures can we use to show progress for specific physical therapy patients?
3. What are the pros and cons of treatment-based classification in physical therapy?
4. Questioning the ethical implications of Medicare’s exceptions process to the outpatient PT caps


Evaluating:

Evaluating an argument requires the student to take a stand.

Some examples are:
1. Defend the medical model of spinal dysfunction.
2. Defend the biopsychosocial model of spinal dysfunction.


Role as Physiotherapist:


Read, comprehend, integrate, critically analyze, interpret, and apply information from written materials, demonstrations, lectures, laboratory sessions, and research literature, and other pertinent sources to develop and support the rationale for appropriate patient examinations, evaluations, assessments, interventions, discharges, and or referrals.


Psychomotor Domain:


Traditionally, these types of objectives are concerned with the physically encoding of information, with movement and/or with activities where the gross and fine muscles are used for expressing or interpreting information or concepts. This area also refers to natural, autonomic responses or reflexes.


Skilled movements:


Objectives in this area refer to skills and movements that must be learned for games, sports, performances, or for the arts.


Nondiscursive communication:


Objectives in this area refer to expressive movements through posture, gestures, facial expressions, and/or creative movements like those in mime or ballet.  


Role as Physiotherapist:


Safely, reliably, and efficiently perform required physical therapy examination and intervention procedures to evaluate and treat the functional skills & limitations and gross motor system of patients across the lifespan. These include but are not limited to:

  • Cognitive, mental, emotional status
  • Cardiopulmonary status
  • Segmental length, girth, volume
  • Skin integrity & wound care
  • Sensation
  • Strength
  • Joint mobility, motion and play
  • Muscle tone and reflexes
  • Coordination & balance

Affective or Feeling Domain:


This area is concerned with feelings or emotions (and social/emotional learning and skills). Again, the taxonomy is arranged from simpler feelings to those that are more complex. 
1. Receiving:This refers to the patient’s sensitivity to the existence of stimuli – awareness, willingness to receive, or selected attention.
2. Responding:This refers to the patient’s active attention to stimuli and his/her motivation to learn – acquiescence, willing responses, or feelings of satisfaction.
3. Valuing:This refers to the patient’s beliefs and attitudes of worth – acceptance, preference, or commitment. 
4. Organization:This refers to the patient’s internalization of values and beliefs involving 

(1) the conceptualization of values; and
(2) the organization of a value system.


5. Characterization – the Internalization of values:

This refers to the patient’s highest of internalization and relates to behavior that reflects 

(1) a generalized set of values; and
(2) a characterization or a philosophy about life.


Role as Physiotherapist:

  • Interact effectively and sensitively using appropriate verbal, nonverbal, and written communication skills with faculty, peers, other members of the health care team, and patients/clients, and caregivers.
  • Recognize the impact and influence of age, lifestyle, family or peer support, socioeconomic class, culture, beliefs, race, and abilities on faculty, peers, other members of the health care team, and patients/clients, and caregivers.

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