Health

motor neuron diseases

Motor neuron diseases | Facial Pain | Head injury

Motor Neuron Diseases Motor neuron diseases are caused due to the death of anterior horn cells. Spinal cord consists of an anterior and a posterior horn. Motor neuron diseases are incurable and progressively disabling. In posterior horn, sensory cells carries sensations. Anterior horn is responsible for motor control, and posterior horn is responsible for sensory …

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Antiemetic Drugs, Mechanism, Indications, Adverse effect

Antiemetic Drugs: These are the types of chemicals that help ease the symptoms of nausea and vomiting antiemetic drugs are used to block specific neurotransmitters in the body, used in various therapeutic cases like morning sickness and preventing side effects of opiod analgesics and chemotherapeutic agents. Antiemetic drugs Classification of Antiemetic Drugs: ANTI-CHOLINERGICS: Hyoscine Dicyclomine …

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Spinal cord diseases

Spinal cord diseases, peripheral & cranial nerve diseases

Spinal cord diseases: Spinal cord is a structure that extends from skull to the center of back. This column of nerve tissues is surrounded by three layers. Spinal cord is surrounded by vertebrae. Spinal cord is divided into different segments according to their location. Cervical segment is called cervical spine. Thoracic segment of vertebrae is …

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hydrocollator heat massage

Hydrocollator unit, Heat therapy, Heat stone massage

Hydrocollator: Hot packs are a way of transferring heat to the patient by conduction. Commercial hot pack is the most common way to deliver superficial moist heat and the heating unit is called hydrocollator unit. There are different techniques to deliver heat including the use of hot packs, hot water baths, hot stone massage. Massage helps soothing your …

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Psoriasis

Psoriasis, Deep folliculitis, Carbuncles

Psoriasis Psoriasis is chronic, inflammatory hyper proliferative skin disease. Skin consists of different layers including epidermis, dermis and hypodermis, and these layers are further subcategorized. Epidermis consists of five sublayers (stratum basale, stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum) New cell formation owes to stratum basale. As new cells form, old cells die off, …

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Palpation, auscultation and percussion

What is Palpation, Percussion & Auscultation

Clinical examination of cardiovascular system: A person suffering from heart disease may present with many symptoms, some of which may not appear to be apparently connected with cardiovascular system. Heart disease may be detected during a routine clinical examination, though the patient may not complain of any symptoms. Some symptoms are constantly encountered in heart …

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Hydrotherapy benefits, types of baths

Hydrotherapy benefits, types of baths

What is hydrotherapy? Hydrotherapy is the use of water at different temperatures. It includes therapeutic treatments using water. Therefore also called as water therapy. There are different types of therapeutic baths in hydrotherapy including immersion, contrast and paraffin bath. Immersion bath: In hydrotherapy immersion bath is a technique for newborn bathing while they are loosely …

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degenerative joint disease

Degenerative joint disease and role of physiotherapy

Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis, shortened as O.A which may simply mean Old-age Arthritis can be defined as “degenerative joint disease associated with ageing and characterized by destruction of articular cartilage following impaired synovium nutrition, formation of osteophyte (bony margins) leading to a variable degree of pain and instability of the affected joint.” Though Osteoarthritis …

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Fibromyalgia: All you need to know about Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia: All you need to know about Fibromyalgia

Abstract The purpose of this article is to share awareness about fibromyalgia, what actually is fibromyalgia, its underlying causes, symptoms, past, and current diagnostic protocols, and treatment methodologies. The FDA approved medications, exercise plans, natural remedies and to clarify, is fibromyalgia an autoimmune disorder or not? which gender is at risk of being diagnosed. What …

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general health conditions

General Health Conditions, Diagnosis and Treatment

General Health Conditions: General Health Conditions can be diagnosed by fatigue, fever, malaise, unexplained weight loss, cognition, numbness, nausea, sweats, chills. Fatigue: Fatigue is defined as a term used to describe feeling of tiredness or lack of energy caused by fluctuating stress. Symptoms: Headache  Dizziness Aching muscle Irritability Sleepiness How to fix fatigue? Eat to …

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Neurological Tests of Human Body

ALTERNATE NOSE-TO-FINGER TESTProcedure: Keep your finger away about an arm’s length from the patient. Ask the patients to touch your finger with his index finger and then touch his nose. Repeat the movement.Response: Patient missing your finger or intention tremor.Indicates: Possible cerebellar dysfunction. FINGER-TO-NOSE TESTProcedure: Keep the patient shoulder in 90 abduction with elbow extension. …

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