Female reproductive system diseases and Treatment

Female reproductive system diseases:

Female reproductive system diseases are more complicated than male reproductive system diseases. Following is a list of diseases associated with female reproductive system:

  1. Endometriosis
  2. Uterine Fibroids
  3. Gynecologic cancer
  4. Interstitial cystitis
  5. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  6. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  7. Pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID)
  8. Prolapsed uterus
female reproductive system diseases


In female reproductive system diseases endometrial tissues flushes up the uterine tube and spills into the abdomen (Peritoneal cavity), the clots of endometrial can attatch to abdominal organs such as bladder, rectum, interstitial loops. Bleeding into abdomen lining cause abdominal pain.

Signs and Symptoms:

Endometriosis contain following symptoms:

  • Painful menstrual cramps
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Inability/Difficulty in pregnancy
  • Rapid or regular heartburn
  • Fluctuating blood pressure
  • Abnormal blood pressure
  • Elevated or reduced body temperature

2.Uterine Fibroids:

In female reproductive system diseases uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear childbearing years.These are bulky masses that can distort and enlarge the uterus.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Abnormally heavy blood flow during menstruation
  • Constant feeling of pressure inside pelvic area
  • Blood or urine analysis proving hormonal imbalance
  • Transabdominal ultrasound showing fibroids
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Increased menstrual cramping

3.Interstitial Cystitis:

Interstitial cystitis is a part of spectrum of diseases known as painful bladder syndrome with interstitial cystitis, these signals mixed up and you feel the need to urinate more often and with smaller volumes of urine.

Signs and Symptoms:

Interstitial cystitis contains following signs and symptoms:

  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Pain in pelvic between vagina and anus
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Pain or discomfort while bladder fills

4.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: 

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder women with PCOS may have infrequent  or prolonged menstrual periods or excess androgen levels. Ovaries develop numerous small collection of follicles but fail for regular egg formation.

Signs and Symptoms:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome contains following signs and symptoms:

  • Irregular or no periods at all
  • Weight gain
  • Excessive hair growth
  • Oily skin or acne
  • Difficulty in pregnancy
  • Thinning of hair

5.Prolapsed Uterus:

Prolapsed uterus occurs when pelvic floor muscles and ligaments stretch and weaken and no longer provide support to uterus and it slips down and provides out of vagina.

Signs and Symptoms:

Prolapsed uterus contains following signs and symptoms:

  • Feeling like you are sitting on ball
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Problems in sexual intercourse
  • Low back pain
  • Heavy feeling in pelvis
  • Trauma during childbirth
  • Chronic cough or bronchitis 
  • Lower estrogen level after menopause

6.Gynecologic cancer:

It is defined as any kind of cancer, in which female reproductive organ is involved. Basically cancer might be of any organ like vagina, ovaries, uterus, vulvar region or cervical region. Of all cancers uterine cancer is most common. Vaginal cancer is least common of all types of gynecologic cancers.

Signs and Symptoms:

Gynecologic cancer might present with the following symptoms:

  • Stomach or Back pain
  • Bloating
  • Frequent urination
  • Vulvar color changes
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Pelvic pain

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