General Health Conditions, Diagnosis and Treatment

General Health Conditions:

General Health Conditions can be diagnosed by fatigue, fever, malaise, unexplained weight loss, cognition, numbness, nausea, sweats, chills.

Fatigue:

Fatigue is defined as a term used to describe feeling of tiredness or lack of energy caused by fluctuating stress.

Symptoms:

  • Headache 
  • Dizziness
  • Aching muscle
  • Irritability
  • Sleepiness
general-health-conditions


How to fix fatigue?

  • Eat to beat tiredness
  • Sleep well
  • Get moving
  • Reduce stress
  • Drink less alcohol
  • Talking therapy beats fatigue
  • Cut out caffeine

Drug therapy: Drug therapies bupropion, sertraline are used to treat extreme fatigue, however some used Adderall, Modafinil off label & duloxetine.

Malaise:

A general feeling of discomfort, illness or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify being tired or under the weather.

  • Feeling of overall weakness
  • Feel of discomfort
  • Feeling of illness
  • Not feeling well

Onset: Malaise may happen suddenly or may develop gradually and might persist for a long time.
Causes: Acute viral disorders may cause malaise like:

  • Fibromyalgia
  • Lyme disease
  • Hepatitis
  • Severe Anemia
  • Diabetes

Mental health conditions like depression and anxiety can lead to malaise.

 Medications causing Malaise:

Medications that put you at at risk for malaise include:

  • Anticonvulsants
  • Beta-blockers

Fever:

Human body temperature goes above normal range of 36-37 degrees Celsius (98-100 F) that is a common medical sign also known as pyrexia and controlled hyperthermia.
Symptoms: Initially shivering, feeling cold and later on flushed, sweating.
Complications: Complications may include febrile seizure.
Causes: Increase in body’s temperature set point.
Treatment: Based on underlying cause not necessarily required for itself.

Medications:

  • Paracetamol
  • Ibuprofen

Diagnostic Method: Temperature> between 37.2 & 38.3Degree Celsius (99.0 & 100.9F).

Chills:

That is feeling of coldness accompanied by shivering might get rise with or without fever. Without fever chills typically arise after exposure to cold environment. 

Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Tremor

Causes:

  • Bacterial infection
  • Cold environment
  • Parasite infection
  • Viral infection

Treating Chills:

Sweats:

Moisture exuded through pores of skin, typically in profuse quantities  as a reaction to heat, physical exertion or fever.

Types of glands:

  • Eccrine glands: Present almost throughout the body.
  • Apocrine glands: Present in Axilla, Groin.

Nausea:

Nausea is a sensation of vomiting it can be acute or short lived or prolonged.It can be psychological or physical in origin.

Causes:

  • Causes might include:
  • Food poisoning
  • Motion sickness
  • Pregnancy

Symptoms:

  • Often accompanied by:
  • Gastrointestinal distress
  • Diarrhea
  • Intense Pain
  • Lethargy
  • Rapid Pulse
  • Excessive sweating

How to relieve nausea:

  • Take in plenty of fluids
  • Avoid greasy or fried stuff.

Vomiting:

Vomiting describes the forceful expulsion of contents of stomach through mouth also known as emesis.

Causes:

  • Food poisoning
  • Gastritis
  • Brain cancer
  • Bowel Obstruction
  • Noxious stimuli
  • Cholecystitis

Dizziness:

Used to describe a wide variety of sensations such as feeling faint, weak & lazy or inactive.

Causes:

  • Migraine
  • Medications
  • Alcohol

How to Relieve dizziness:

  • Acupuncture
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Reducing stress

VITAMIN DEFICIENCY: Low vitamins B12 levels can cause dizziness.

Numbness:

Lost,reduced or altered sensation and an odd prickling sensation. These sensations commonly occur after sitting or standing in particular position or even wearing tight clothing for too long.

Causes:

  • Pressure on nerves
  • Pressure on blood vessels
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Tumor & infection

How to relieve numbness?

  • To relieve numbness we use :
  • Ice therapy
  • Heat therapy
  • Massage
  • Exercise
  • Epsom salt bath
  • Supportive devices

Unexplained weight loss:

Noticeable drop in body weight that occurs even if person is not trying to lose weight.

Causes:

  • Addison’s disease
  • Celiac disease
  • COPD
  • Cancer
  • Change in diet
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Dementia

Weakness:

Weakness is decrease in strenth in one or more muscles, loss of muscle strength.

Causes:

  • Metabolic disease
  • Injuries
  • Toxins
  • Congenital Myopathies
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Malnutrition
  • Muscular dystrophy

Symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Muscle cramps

Cognition:

The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience and senses.

Types of Cognition:

Following are the types of cognitive processes:

  1. Attention
  2. Perception
  3. Memory
  4. Learning
  5. Language
  6. Reasoning

Example:

Study of mind.

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