Do you have migraine? Causes, symptoms, food triggers, treatment

What is migraine?

Migraine is a kind of headache with pulsating and throbbing sensations mostly on one side of your head or occurs unilaterally. It is very severe most commonly it is followed by nausea, vomiting, and anxiety. Migraine occurs in episodes. These episodic attacks may last for hours and even days. This pain interferes with one’s daily activities. It affects people of all ages children, teenagers, and adults as well.

Migraine, causes, symptoms, food triggers, treatment

Symptoms of migraine

The most common symptoms of migraine include pain on one side of the head. But, in some cases on both sides of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and anxiety. It has four stages, prodrome, aura, attack, and postdrome. Symptoms vary depending upon the stage. Let’s have a look at some most common symptoms

  • Pain on one side of head
  • Vomiting, anxiety and Nausea
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Neck stiffness and pain
  • Mood swings
  • Unilateral numbness
  • Pulsating and throbbing pain
  • Abrupt headache
  • Visual disturbances

Food triggers

There are many foods that are responsible for migraine including cheeses, alcohol. There are different kinds of aged cheeses and alcohol including, mozzarella, cheddar, blue cheese, feta, swiss and red wine, whisky, beer respectively. Tomato products, artificial sweeteners, and nuts are also triggering factors. People who are allergic to tyramine which is also found in aged cheese can have migraine from eating bananas. Those who are allergic to dairy products might develop episodic pain by eating dairy and gluten products. Food allergies are major contributors.

Causes of migraine

There are different triggering factors that might cause migraine. It might be due to environmental, emotional, medicinal, dietary, hormonal, physical disturbances. Stress, depression and overthinking leads to migraine. The exact cause is unknown. Some common causes are given below

  • Dehydration and diet
  • Hormonal changes
  • Alcohol and drinks
  • Sleeplessness
  • Menopause and pregnancy
  • Foods and weather
  • Physical activities
  • Stress and depression
Difference between Headache and Migraine

Migraine is a neurological problem that is accompanied by vomiting and nausea. There is the excitation of brain cells that causes severe pain. It is pulsating and throbbing pain, most commonly occurs at one side of the head. Headache has different types and occurs with varying intensity and frequency. Headache is less severe and settles down.

Medications

GenericExampleSide effects
Ibuprofen Advil, MotrinSwelling, Stomach upset
DihydroergotamineNasal spray, ErgomarNausea, Numbness
ZolmitriptanZomigDizziness, flushing
AlmotriptanAxertTiredness, chest pain
NaproxenTreximetNausea, Stomach upset
Treatment and prevention

There is no exact treatment discovered yet. But, some remedies which can alleviate pain are discussed below. Eat a healthy diet and don’t be stressed or depressed this is the best way to overcome pain. Follow these remedies to get rid of your pain. Some faster ways of alleviating pain.

  • Hydrate yourself
  • Avoid chewing
  • Use cold pack
  • Take some caffeine
  • Keep yourself calm
  • Don’t overthink
  • Dim your room lights

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