Joints Physiology

total knee replacement

Total knee Replacement, TKR Procedure in Physiotherapy

What is TKR? Total knee replacement was first done in 1968. Total knee Replacement is a complex procedure which require an orthopedic surgeon to make correct measurements and skillfully remove diseased portions of bone to shape remaining bone to accommodate knee’s implant. The orthopedic surgeon replaces the diseased part of knee joint with an artificial …

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Knee joint Examination, Diagnosis

Chief complains in knee joint examination H/o presenting illness: In knee joint examination elaborate on his chief complaints. ADL: ability to walk , run , sit cross leg, use bicycle etc.      Examination of Knee joint: Negative H/O:  Pain in toe (gout), night cries (TB),/ trauma, /fever,/ bleeding diathesis./ ho of exposure( gonorrhea, reiter’s ), …

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Special tests of the cervical Spine instability

Diagnostic tests of the cervical spine injury: Special tests of the cervical Spine instability in Physiotherapy are given below: Vertebral artery test Hautant’s test Spurling’s test Distraction test Shoulder abduction test Upper limb tension test 1. Vertebral artery test: Aim of the test:Identifies the integrity of vertebrobasilar artery (vertebrobasilar insufficiency) Patient position:Patient is supine; the examiner takes …

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test for elbow

Special tests for elbow | wrist and Hand

Special tests for elbow: Following are some fundamental tests for elbow joint examination in Physical Therapy: Ligament instability tests (valgus & varus stress tests) Tests for epicondylitis Pronator teres syndrome test Tinel’s sign Tests for epicondylitis: Aim of test:To identify lateral or medial epicondylitis.A. Lateral epicondylitis /Tennis Elbow (Cozen) Test:Patient position:Patient is sitting with elbow …

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shoulder-impingement-Test

Shoulder Impingement test & Ankle test in physiotherapy

Special tests of the shoulder joint: Shoulder Impingement Test: Following is the list of shoulder impingement test: 1. Neer test2. Hawkins-Kennedy test3. Posterior internal impingement test 1. Neer test:  Aim of the test:Identify impingement of supraspinatus tendon or long head of bicepsPatient position:Patient silting & shoulder is passively internally rotated & fully abducted.Positive sign:Reproduce symptoms …

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Tests for hip | Knee Joint mobilization & impingement

Special Tests for Hip Joint: Following are the special tests performed for orthopedic hip joint pain, mobilization, impingement in physiotherapy:1. Thomas test2. Ober’s test3. Ely test4. 90-90 Hamstring test5. Piriformis test6. Patrick/FABER (flex, abduction, external rot) test7. Standing flexion test8. Standing flexion test9. Long sitting test10. Trendelenberg’s sign11. Leg length test Tests for hip joint …

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