Tennis Elbow, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

 Tennis Elbow:

Tennis Elbow is also known as lateral epicondylitis it is caused by the overuse of elbow. 

Abstract:

Many researches are present on tennis elbow which is also known as lateral epicondylitis as lateral epicondyle is affected while in Golfer’s elbow which is also known as medial epicondylitis medial epicondyle is affected this article aims:
୦ To investigate reasons behind
୦ To Find Symptoms
୦ To investigate risk factors

tennis-elbow

Introduction:

Lateral epicondylitis effects 1-3 % of population and about 15% workers in at risk industries though many researches are present but inappropriate methods of researches made them less reliable this research article is aim to find long term and short term efficacy of physiotherapeutic interventions and comparing with corticosteroids injections we hypothesized that physiotherapy for treating tennis elbow was superior in short term than corticosteroid injections in long term.


Discussion:

What are the causes how can I find that I’m suffering from lateral epicondylitis and how can I get rid of tennis elbow, treatment and exercises for tennis elbow?

Causes of Tennis Elbow:

Recently some studies showed that tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is caused by some problem or defect in specific muscle of forearm.

  •  Strenuous activity
  •  Repetitive activity
  •  Overuse

Symptoms of Tennis Elbow:

A person suffering may experience pain in upper forearm in the outer region, pain may also travel from forearm to wrist while doing following activities:

  • bending
  • Lifting objects
  • twisting
  • Pain while shaking hand
  • Pain while rotating wrench
  • Weak Gripping Strength
  • Holding Pen
  • Pain on outer part your forearm
  • Pain while holding racquet

Tests for lateral epicondylitis:

Test is performed under following conditions:
୦ Patient is seated comfortably.
୦ Palpate the lateral epicondyle of patient’s elbow with the help of your hand while pronating forearm and completely flexing patient’s wrist and elbow fully extended.
୦ Any increase in pain in the region of lateral epicondyle indicates positive tennis elbow test.
୦ Further we can test elbow by performing tests like:
୦ X-RAY
୦ MRI scan

Treatment:

A team approach is most often required for treatment involving Doctors, Physiotherapist and in case of surgery surgeons are also required.
Steroidal injections such as cortisone which serve as anti-inflammatory medication.
೬ Extracorporeal shock wave therapy.
೬ Icing in the affected elbow reduces swelling and pain.
೬ Using strap to prevent elbow from further damage
೬ Medications like NSAIDs, Ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen helps relieving pain & swelling.
೬ Surgery; open or arthroscopic surgery.
೬ Arthroscopic surgery is done by making incisions and using instruments

Exercises:


Perform following elbow exercises regularly for at least 10 minutes to avoid elbow pain:

  • Handshake stretch
  • Bicep curls
  • Sock squeeze
  • Wrist extensor stretch
  • Wrist flexor stretch
  • Wrist curls
  • Extensor strengthening

Limitations:

As other surgeries, we need to consider following risk factors in case of surgery:

  • Decreased Strength
  • Decreased Flexibility
  • Blood vessels damage
  • Prolonged rehabilitation period
  • Infection

Conclusion:

Lateral epicondylitis is caused due to the inflammation and swelling caused by repetition of strenuous activities and it may be treated non-surgically by performing exercises or in severe conditions it can be treated surgically. Surgically by open surgery or arthroscopic surgery.


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